first_img NASA selects UMD-led proposal to upgrade lunar instruments placed by Apollo missions This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Explore further Citation: Alternative theory of gravity explains large structure formation — without dark matter (2006, December 14) retrieved 18 August 2019 from In the standard theory of gravity—general relativity—dark matter plays a vital role, explaining many observations that the standard theory cannot explain by itself. But for 70 years, cosmologists have never observed dark matter, and the lack of direct observation has created skepticism about what is really out there.center_img Lately, some scientists have turned the question around, from “is dark matter correct?” to “is our standard theory of gravity correct?” Most recently, Fermilab scientists Scott Dodelson and former Brinson Fellow Michele Liguori demonstrated one of the first pieces of theoretical evidence that an alternative theory of gravity can explain the large scale structure of the universe. “To definitively claim that dark matter is the answer, we need to find it,” Dodelson explained to “We can do this in one of three ways: produce it in the lab (which might happen at Fermilab, the soon-to-start LHC, or ultimately the International Linear Collider), see a pair of dark matter particles annihilate and produce high energy photons (there are about a half dozen experiments designed to look for this), or see a dark matter particle bump a nucleus in a large underground detector (again, about 10 experiments are looking for this). Until one or more of these things happen, skeptics are still allowed. … After they happen, skeptics will become crackpots.”Although cosmologists have never directly observed dark matter, they have many good reasons for not giving up hope. The ways that galaxies rotate and starlight bends (gravitational lensing) stray from predictions based on visible matter. Further, the formation of large cosmic structures (such as galaxies and galaxy clusters) would have required significantly large matter perturbations when the Universe was less than a million years old that simply don’t exist in a theory of general relativity before “tacking on” dark matter.“It is extremely important to see how well a no-dark-matter cosmology does,” said Dodelson. “[In the standard theory,] we are asking the community to believe in the existence of a particle that has never been seen. We have to be damned sure that you can’t explain the universe without this huge leap. Our Figure 1 [see citation below] illustrates that, in standard gravity, a no-dark-matter model does not do well at all.”While altering the theory of gravity may seem like pulling the rug out from under a century of observations and pain-staking calculations, an alternative theory may simply be “more correct” than today’s standard theory. Just as Einstein’s theory was “more correct” than Newton’s because it improved upon the older one by noticing more specific details (e.g. extraordinary masses and speeds), a new alternative theory may only drastically change gravity at certain scales. The light from galaxies in the background has been warped and “arced” by the galaxy cluster Abell 1689 in the foreground, and perhaps with some help by either dark matter or a stronger type of gravity on this large scale. Image Source: NASA, N. Benitez (JHU), T. Broadhurst (Racah Institute of Physics/The Hebrew University), H. Ford (JHU), M. Clampin (STScI),G. Hartig (STScI), G. Illingworth (UCO/Lick Observatory), the ACS Science Team and ESA. “Perhaps a fundamental theory of gravity which differs from general relativity on large scales can explain the observations without recourse to new, unobserved particles,” wrote Dodelson and Liguori in their study published in Physical Review Letters. “Now more than ever before, there are very good reasons to explore this idea of modifying gravity. For, the case of dark energy also hinges on the assumption that general relativity describes gravity on larges scales. Dark energy is even more difficult to explain than dark matter, so it seems almost natural to look at gravity as the culprit in both cases.”The new theory (or groundwork for it) under investigation would be Jacob Bekenstein’s relativistic covariant theory of gravity (TeVeS), published in 2004. Bekenstein based his theory on a modified version of Newtonian theory from the early ‘80s, dependent on gravitational acceleration and called modified Newtonian dynamics (MOND) by its founder, Mordecai Milgrom. “MOND, the original theory on which TeVeS is based, was already quite successful at explaining galactic dynamics (even better, in some cases, than the dark matter paradigm), but it failed completely at explaining other observations—gravitational lensing in particular,” explained Liguori. “For this reason, it couldn’t be considered a real alternative to dark matter. Bekenstein’s theory, by generalizing MOND, retains its good features while overcoming its main problems at the same time. This makes TeVeS a much more interesting theory than MOND. It is then worthwhile (and necessary) to test TeVeS’ predictions in detail and compare them to the standard dark matter paradigm to see if TeVeS can be a viable alternative.”Dodelson and Liguori find Bekenstein’s theory intriguing in this context because, for one, the gravitational acceleration scale in the theory is very close to that required for the observed acceleration of the Universe. The scale is also very similar to that proposed in “post hoc” theories such as dark energy. Even more interesting is the fact that the origins of Bekenstein’s theory had nothing to do with cosmic acceleration. But the feature of Bekenstein’s theory that Dodelson and Liguori focus on most is that the theory—unlike standard general relativity—allows for fast growth of density perturbations arising from small inhomogeneities during recombination. Building on this finding from scientists Skordis et al. earlier this year, Dodelson and Liguori have found which aspect of the theory actually causes the enhanced growth—the part that may solve the cosmological structure problem.The pair has discovered that, while Bekenstein’s theory has three functions which characterize space-time—a tensor, vector and scalar (TeVeS)—it’s the perturbations in the vector field that are key to the enhanced growth. General relativity describes space-time with only a tensor (the metric), so it does not include these vector perturbations.“The vector field solves only the enhanced growth problem,” said Dodelson. “It does so by exploiting a little-known fact about gravity. In our solar system or galaxy, when we attack the problem of gravity, we solve the equation for the Newtonian potential. Actually, there are two potentials that characterize gravity: the one usually called the Newtonian potential and the perturbation to the curvature of space. These two potentials are almost always very nearly equal to one another, so it is not usually necessary to distinguish them. “In the case of TeVeS, the vector field sources the difference between the two,” he continued. “As it begins to grow, the difference between the two potentials grows as well. This is ultimately what drives the overdense regions to accrete more matter than in standard general relativity. The quite remarkable thing about this growth is that Bekenstein introduced the vector field for his own completely independent reasons. As he remarked to me, ‘Sometimes theories are smarter than their creators.’”Dodelson and Liguori see this solution to large structure formation as an important step for a gravity theory based on baryon-only matter. Other problems that their theory (or any alternative theory) will have to confront include accounting for the mismatch in galaxy clusters between mass and light. Also, the theory must conform to at least two observations: the galaxy power spectrum on large scales, and the cosmic microwave background fluctuations, which correspond to baby galaxies and galaxy clusters. “As Scott says, until dark matter will be observed, skeptics will be allowed,” said Liguori. “Despite the many and impressive successes of the dark matter paradigm, which make it very likely to be correct, we still don’t have any final and definitive answer. In light of this, it is important to keep an eye open for possible alternative explanations. Even when, after the analysis, alternative theories turn out to be wrong, the result is still important, as it strengthen the evidence for dark matter as the only possible explanation of observations.”Citation: Dodelson, Scott and Liguori, Michele. “Can Cosmic Structure Form without Dark Matter?” Physical Review Letters 97, 231301 (2006).By Lisa Zyga, Copyright 2006 PhysOrg.comlast_img read more

first_img The idea is based on a technique called threshold cryptography, where data is taken apart, encrypted, and stored in separate pieces on different servers. Until now, the practice has primarily been restricted to use by sites that require very high security, such as those that deal with financial data. RSA is proposing a similar technique it calls Distributed Credential Protection (DCP) for use by commercial websites to protect user passwords. More information: … ntial-protection.htmPress release This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. (—Recent breaches at LinkedIn and Yahoo have heightened the public’s concern about password protection. At LinkedIn, millions of user passwords were found and publicly posted. And at Yahoo, hackers broke into a server and stole passwords which were then used to breach other accounts with the same passwords in use. In response, computer security company RSA has developed a technique that it claims can prevent hackers from gaining access to user passwords on servers. Explore further © 2012 Password breach spreads beyond LinkedIn Citation: Distributed Credential Protection: Trying to beat the hackers and protect our passwords (2012, October 10) retrieved 18 August 2019 from With DCP, user passwords are split into two strings of data with each piece saved to a separate server. When a user logs into the system, the password is split into two separate strings, each of which is sent to one of the password servers. There, it is joined, in random fashion, with the half of the password stored on that server to build a new string. To verify the password, the two strings on each server are compared to one another. With this scheme, a hacker would be forced to access both servers in order to gain access to user passwords. And, this process could be further complicated if each server were to run a different operating system. RSA says that to make things even more difficult for hackers, systems administrators could periodically refresh the random half of the strings, which would force those seeking entry to crack both servers within a shorter time frame. Using DCP would make stealing passwords from website servers significantly more difficult; however, it wouldn’t prevent passwords from being stolen directly via malware on users’ computers. To address that threat, RSA recommends that users use different passwords for their various accounts in order to limit the degree of damage that could potentially result if one of them is stolen.last_img read more

first_imgFig. 1. Surface-wave bending around sharp corners. (A) A U-shaped surface-wave waveguide with grooves on its surface covered by glass is illuminated by a dipole antenna. The two sharp corners are covered by two corner cloaks (i.e., layered structures with subwavelength foam and ceramic materials). A second dipole antenna located at the output of the waveguide measures the transmission. (B) Simulation of a surface wave when it encounters a sharp corner that is not covered by a cloak. (C) Simulation of a surface wave when the sharp corner is cloaked by a corner cloak. (D) Photo of a fabricated model. The transmitter is shielded by the microwave absorber material. (E) Measured normalized transmission of surface waves through the waveguide. Exp., experimental data; Sim., simulation data. Credit: Xu S, et al. (2015) Broadband surface-wave transformation cloak. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 112(25):7635-7638. (—Today’s photonic and plasmonic devices – the latter based on surface plasmons (a coherent delocalized electron oscillations that exist at the interface between metal and dielectric) and combining the small size and manufacturability of electronics with the high speeds of optics – need the ability to guide surface electromagnetic waves around disorder, such as ultrasharp corners and bumps, without disturbing the wave amplitude or phase. That being said, achieving this preservation of phase and amplitude has been difficult due to the fact that light momentum must be conserved in a scattering event (that is, when electromagnetic radiation or particles are deflected or diffused by localized non-uniformities in the medium through which that radiation is passing). However, scientists at Zhejiang University in Hangzhou, China, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore, and Massachusetts Institute of Technology created (so-called invisibility) cloaks based on specifically-designed nonmagnetic anisotropic, or directionally dependent, metamaterials that achieve nearly ideal transmission efficiency over a broadband frequency range. The researchers state that results the viability of applying transformation optics – which applies metamaterials to produce spatial variations, derived from coordinate transformations, which can direct chosen bandwidths of electromagnetic radiation – to plasmonic circuits, and in so doing could lead to high-performance, large-scale integrated photonic circuits. Zhang lists the three key insights and innovations the researchers used to address these challenges: Fig. 3. A Gaussian-shaped pulse propagates on the patterned metal. A point source (port 1) generates the pulse at 0 ns. The bandwidth of the pulse is 6 GHz, and the center frequency is 3 GHz. The magnetic field distributions for three cases [(A) the corner cloaks, (B) the carpet cloak, and (C) the straight waveguide reference] are plotted to show the propagation of the pulse at five equivalent temporal sampling points. Credit: Xu S, et al. (2015) Broadband surface-wave transformation cloak. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 112(25):7635-7638. The paper also discusses the interesting point that transformation optics effectively warps electromagnetic space in a manner analogous to how gravity curves space in general relativity. “The macroscopic performance of warping electromagnetic space can be expressed by constitutive parameters in a new coordinate system.” (Constitutive parameters describe the desired or actual performance and responses of a metamaterial.) Specifically, Zhang notes, these new constitutive parameters can be isotropic, anisotropic, or bianisotropic (that is, identical in all directions, directionally dependent, and asymmetrically anisotropic, respectively), and might be realized by metamaterial design and fabrication. “With this procedure,” he emphasizes, “we’d have the ability to operate and control electromagnetic waves in exactly the way we want.”Another important point in the paper was overcoming the issue with previous cloaks requiring that the phase velocity of light being guided around the cloaked object had to exceed the vacuum speed of light. “Cloaking from free-space electromagnetic waves suffers from narrow bandwidth because the phase velocity,” which depends on both frequency and medium, “is required to be greater than the speed of light. In our work, given that the surface wave propagates much more slowly than the speed of light, we can avoid superluminal propagation in free space cloaking.”Finally, the key result being reported is that unlike topological electromagnetic surface states, in the new approach phase is preserved when surface waves are perfectly guided by the cloaks. “Sharp bending of surface waves was previously achieved only in topological electromagnetic edge states,” Zhang tells “Because the required materials generally are magnetic, it suffers from narrow bandwidth. In our work, however, the use of anisotropic non-magnetic materials and transformation optics ensure the phase preservation of surface waves.”Chen says that the scientists plan to extend their experimental demonstration from microwaves to higher frequencies, including infrared and visible light. “This may push our work much closer to practical application. Moreover, scientists have extended the concept of transformation beyond electromagnetic fields to other types of physical fields, such as heat, diffusive light, acoustics, and static fields. “No matter which kind of physical field it is, the fundamental point is to control the propagation of the waves and the distribution of the field,” Chen concludes. “Our work can therefore be extended to many other areas of research.” ● Overcoming the challenge of momentum mismatch by adopting strict transformation optics with anisotropy in the design – a strategy that can also work for ultrasharp corners and bumps● Realizing broadband performance by employing an area-preserving coordinate transformation, which can produce non-magnetic constitutive parameters for a surface plasmon polariton (SPP –an electromagnetic excitation existing on the surface of an appropriate metal) wave cloak● Experimentally demonstrating SPP cloak performance by designing a layered metamaterial composed of microwave ceramic plates and low-permittivity foam with subwavelength periodicity (in which the periodicity of the metamaterial is much smaller than the wavelength of the electromagnetic wave being cloaked) In terms of likely applications of transformation optics in plasmonic circuits and high-performance, large-scale integrated photonic circuits, Zhang points out that over the last few decades, surface plasmons have attracted substantial research effort because they offer the potential for merging electronics and photonics on the same chips by reducing the size of photonic components to the nanoscale. “Therefore, plasmonics is a key technology for interconnects – but guiding light around sharp bends is one of the main limiting factors for plasmonics.” (The other limiting factor is loss, which also occurs in straight waveguides.) “In this study we made plasmonic technology the main motivation and tried to solve the scattering issue during wave propagation across disorder. In short, our research focuses on scattering-free guiding.”The paper also mentions other applications resulting from switching from free-space electromagnetic waves to surface electromagnetic waves. “Free-space electromagnetic invisibility cloaks and other free-space devices based on transformation optics have the property of superluminal propagation,” Zhang explains. “This will fundamentally introduce narrowband.” (Narrowband refers to signals over a narrow range of frequencies.) “However, if we can transition from free-space waves to surface waves, we can take slow waves into consideration and achieve broad bandwidth.” As a result, scattering-free surface plasmon polariton wave guidance can be used in a wide range of applications, such as plasmonic phase modulators (which slows plasmons, leading to what is essentially an optical switch) and beam steering changing the direction of an electromagnetic signal). Prof. Hongsheng Chen at Zhejiang University and Prof. Baile Zhang at Nanyang Technological University discussed the paper that they and their colleagues published in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. “In overcoming narrow-band light transmission limitations and disorder-related phase disturbances in guiding surface electromagnetic waves, the fundamental challenge lies in realizing broadband scattering-free propagation – that is, how to match momentum when the surface wave propagates before or after the disorder in a broad band,” Chen tells In other words, surface waves suffer from scattering loss as a result of momentum mismatch when encountering sharp corners or other irregular disorders.A related obstacle was demonstrating – both theoretically and experimentally – broadband surface electromagnetic wave guidance around ultrasharp corners and bumps with no perceptible changes in amplitude and phase. “Theoretically, transformation optics can potentially provide a solution to guide the surface wave by warping the electromagnetic space around ultrasharp corners, so that electromagnetic surface waves will be deceived as if they were still propagating along a flat surface without any corner,” Chen explains. However, he adds, since this generally requires both electric and magnetic anisotropic materials and is therefore difficult to implement, the main theoretical challenge in cloaking disorders is to design a feasible coordinate transformation with anisotropic parameters. “Experimentally,” Chen continues, “the main challenge is designing and implementing a feasible non-magnetic metamaterial that meets the parameter requirements derived from transformation optics, because a stable magnetic response is difficult to realize over a broad frequency band.” A third fundamental issue facing the researchers was the design of inhomogeneous metamaterials that control light. “Realizing a continuous inhomogeneous metamaterial is very difficult in practice,” Chen points out. “Generally, we can use artificial metamaterial units with different subwavelength geometries, similar to the atoms in natural media, to realize inhomogeneous electromagnetic parameters – but this requires very fine nanofabrication procedures.” More information: Broadband surface-wave transformation cloak, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (2015) 112(25):7635-7638, doi:10.1073/pnas.1508777112 Journal information: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences © 2015 Engineers give invisibility cloaks a slimmer design Explore further This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Citation: Clever cloaks: Unique metamaterials preserve phase while guiding surface waves around ultrasharp corners and bumps (2015, July 13) retrieved 18 August 2019 from Fig. 2. Surface-wave carpet cloaking. (A) A straight surface-wave waveguide with a sharp bump is illuminated by a dipole antenna. The surface of the metal base is grooved similarly as that in Fig. 1A. The sharp bump is covered by a carpet cloak (i.e., a layered structure with subwavelength foam and ceramic materials). A second dipole antenna located at the output of the waveguide measures the transmission. (B) Simulation of a surface wave when it encounters the sharp bump without a carpet cloak. (C) Simulation of a surface wave when the sharp bump is cloaked by the carpet cloak. (D) Photo of a fabricated model. The transmitter is shielded by the microwave absorber material. (E) Measured normalized transmission of surface waves through the waveguide. Exp., experimental data; Sim., simulation data. Credit: Xu S, et al. (2015) Broadband surface-wave transformation cloak. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 112(25):7635-7638.last_img read more

first_img“We often just expect people to be kind without talking about it,” says Jennifer Kotler, vice president of research and evaluation at Sesame Workshop. “We think, ‘Oh, you’re a good kid. You’re gonna be kind.’ “ We both assumed, as parents of young children, that kindness is just something our kids would pick up by osmosis, because we love them. It’s a common assumption. … In fact, this preference for helping shows up even earlier. Kiley Hamlin is an associate professor of psychology at the University of British Columbia, and she has used puppets to test this preference in babies. Read the whole story: NPR Are humans born kind?last_img

first_img40 works of Hemant Rao, each work has an emotive presence of its own. The elements and forms from nature have got transformed in these 40 works, with intensity, and they appear to us in enchanting images. These images in turn, carry all the sensitive, perceptive nuances, related to a visual, as well as emotional experience; to be decoded by us, time and again. A bud, a flower, a leaf, a butterfly, or a bird, thus have a blossoming and a flight here, which is wondrous, and connects best to a dreamlike-state.  Also Read – ‘Playing Jojo was emotionally exhausting’Works may seem a bit conventional, and a little shy of experimentations, yet a close look will reveal their refreshing quality, and the spirit in which they have been created. The creations speak volumes for artist’s exploring, and searching modes, and ways. The way the forms, or ultimate images, are placed, in a geometrical sequence and the method with which they are carried out with utmost care, and creative fervor, they brings something novel to the eyes and is to be rejoiced.last_img read more

first_imgThe countdown to Christmas has begun and Sheraton New Delhi celebrates the age old ceremony of cake mixing, to cherish the bonhomie of Christmas celebrations (or Christmas time) on 8 November.  This is a tradition of mixing dry fruits with spices and liquor well in advance before Christmas so that the ingredients can develop a distinct aroma and flavour.An array of chopped raisins, glazed red cherries, pistachios, walnuts, black currants, dates, dried apricots and figs was mixed with spices such as ground green cardamom, cinnamon, nutmeg, mace, cloves will go into a huge cauldron along with endless bottles of spirits like red wine, cognac, rum and whiskey. This mixture will be allowed to soak for a few weeks and kept away before baking into cakes and puddings. The event will be followed by a lavish brunch and other fun activities including Grape Crushing.last_img read more

first_imgKolkata: The multi speciality gyms in the city has come under the scanner of the Kolkata Municipal Corporation (KMC) in the wake of a person falling seriously ill and getting hospitalised after alleged intake of medicine prescribed by a gym instructor.”It has come to our notice that some gym instructors working with multi speciality gyms in the city have been prescribing medicines to users. They are not entitled to do so. We will find out the gyms that have been indulging in such unfair practices,” Member Mayor-in-Council (Health ) Atin Ghosh said. Also Read – Heavy rain hits traffic, flightsGhosh reiterated that the KMC will issue showcause notices to the gym owners involved in irregularities and if their reply is found unsatisfactory, then the civic body may also go to the extent of cancelling its licence.The health department of KMC has sought medical reports and papers of the patient who is undergoing treatment in a private hospital under Phoolbagan police station area on Eastern Metropolitan Bypass after taking medicines under the instruction of a gym instructior. Also Read – Speeding Jaguar crashes into Merc, 2 B’deshi bystanders killedGhosh has convened a meeting with the officials of KMC’s health department on Monday to form a comprehensive plan on how they should go forward with the drive at the multi speciality gyms. Ghosh said the matter will soon be brought to the notice of the state Health department and Mayor Sovan Chatterjee.”There has been cases where people have seriously fallen ill after taking medicines as instructed by gym instructors which they feel help in muscle building, loss of weight and six pack abdomen etc. People are also being diagnosed with kidney ailments. Medicines should be taken only after consulting a medical practitioner,” a private doctor said. Ghosh also lashed out at the private hospitals in the city alleging that the latter are not following the guidelines of the National Health Mission while treating patients. The KMC will undertake health awareness campaign for a period of fourteen days at every borough where lessons pertaining to basic health awareness will be imparted to all people who will be visiting the health units of the KMC.”We will also be conducting thyroid, cholesterol and creatinine tests at our clinics soon,” Ghosh said.last_img read more

first_imgThe flag which has become a symbol of the spirit of ‘Indianness’ was hoisted by Naveen Jindal, Member of Parliament and President of Flag Foundation of India. The actual height of the flagpole is 207 ft and it is the heaviest flag till date made of 37 kgs of silk and 45 kgs of knitted polyester. The venue of the flag was a critical choice as the Central Park has 8 radials around Rajeev Chowk and people can come in from any point and get a prominent view of the Tiranga. Since we got to hear that the flag completed a whole year flying proudly, we tried to find some interesting facts about this tricolour. Also Read – ‘Playing Jojo was emotionally exhausting’“Flag Foundation of India’s endeavor is to encourage all Indians to be patriotic on all 365 days of the year, and not just on specific days such as the Republic Day and Independence Day. True patriotism lies in sincerely, honestly and diligently working for the flag’s honour and its respectful display,” said KV Singh, CEO, Flag Foundation of India.Reportedly, the expenses to maintain this flag include Rs 8,000-10,000 for one-time repair of the flag whenever required; Rs 64,000 for a new flag – if ever it needs replacement; and Rs 52,000 per month for three guards,  CCTV cameras installed around it, and other miscellaneous expenses. Also Read – Leslie doing new comedy special with Netflix“When we display our National Flag, we rise above our religion, regional and political affiliations and show our love for the nation. We feel a sense of pride as the flag unfurls in front of our eyes to unfold its vibrant colors. Display of Tiranga, our National Flag, is a way of expressing our love for, and faith in, our nation,” Jindal said.The artist who is involved in designing this flag is Sanjeev Khatri who comes from Nasik, Maharashtra. He is the M D of Lancer Reinforcements company that is well known in the field of composites, architecture, landscaping and outdoor living products. The flag of Central Park has also been featured in various commercial cinemas of Bollywood, like Humpty Sharma Ki Dulhaniya, God Tussi Great Ho.  Figures and facts aside – the stunning flag in the hart of Central Park makes us all feel a flutter of excitement when we see it fly against the sky. Let’s admit it – we all thoroughly enjoy the spirit of being Indian.last_img read more

first_imgTo celebrate World Dance Day, IHC is organising a show titled Rage And Beyond – Irawati’s Gandhari, a solo dance-theatre presentation by Sanjukta Wagh on April 29.Wagh is a Kathak dancer, trained in Hindustani music and theatre. Her work Rage and Beyond: Irawati’s Gandhari has been conceived in collaboration with sociologist Gita Chadha and has been nominated for the national theatre awards, META in six categories including choreography, direction and costume. Rage and Beyond is not just Wagh’s response to the character of Gandhari as she appears in Iravati Karve’s Yugant, a text that is supposed to be the first contemporary reinterpretations of the Mahabharata by a woman writer in the 1960’s.  Also Read – ‘Playing Jojo was emotionally exhausting’Wagh said, “When I enter in to this text in 2014, I started negotiating with the tremendous ebb and flow that inevitably happens when one tries to embody an archetype, a mythological character that is so deeply  entrenched in the Indian  cultural consciousness. In this rewriting and embodiment of Irawati’s Gandhari, I am trying to keep this complexity alive without the need to either essentialise or glorify either author or her character, by not trying to fill in the blanks.”last_img read more

first_imgKolkata: Following a series of complaints from commuters, the state Transport department will soon put a cap on the surge fare in the app-based cab services provided by aggregators like Ola and Uber.The state Transport department has written a letter to these two aggregators urging them to submit a report of their policy regarding fixation of surge prices. They have been also instructed to have a basic minimum fare similar to that of yellow cabs and put them in the public domain. Also Read – Heavy rain hits traffic, flights”There has been a lot of complaints about high charging particularly during natural calamities when distressed commuters need maximum humanitarian support. We have sought a reply on what prompts them to charge in an arbitrary manner and have made it clear to them that such actions will not be entertained. They have been directed to submit a report in this regard in a fortnight,” a senior official of the Transport department said. The department has also instructed the aggregators to have a system in place so that a passenger does not need to dole out more than the agreed fare that is displayed to him/her at the time of boarding a cab. Also Read – Speeding Jaguar crashes into Merc, 2 B’deshi bystanders killedIt may be mentioned that random checks by the Transport department in different areas at different times, particularly during rain and storms, have shown sky-high rates. “Surge price can’t be elastic beyond the limit. There are chances of manipulating the situation by going off the system collectively to create a massive demand-supply gap and engineer a surge pricing. This is not desirable,” the official maintained. “Surge pricing is not always transparent and difficult to explain. Having a maximum cap on surge pricing to the extent of 2.5-3 times may be logical as it will help protect the interest of both the operator and the consumer. It is not very difficult to implement as their technology is great,” the senior official pointed out. Earlier in a meeting with the department, the aggregators had claimed that the surge price is calculated by an algorithm when there is a demand-supply mismatch. If the demand is more than the supply, the fare rises. “However, we have found that there is a mismatch between their claims and the real situation,” the official said.last_img read more

first_imgKolkata: In a unique initiative, Calcutta Medical College and Hospital (CMCH) authorities have decided to organise ‘Puja Parikrama’ — where the children undergoing treatment at various departments in the hospital would be taken to various Puja pandals.According to the hospital sources, apart from the children suffering from Thallassemia many others at Oncology and Pediatric Medicine would be given an opportunity to see the idols at various Puja pandals. The children, who are in the hospital for over 5 months, hardly get any scope to step out of the four walls of the hospital room. During Durga Puja, when the entire state celebrates the home coming of Goddess Durga with her entourage from her abode, people indulge in pandal hopping wearing new dresses. But many children who are on hospital beds find it difficult to remain confined within the hospital during the Puja days. Keeping this in mind, CMCH has come up with the unique idea of arranging a ‘Puja Parikrama’ where children will be able to go out and enjoy pandal hopping, will have own fun their outside the hospital. Also Read – Rain batters Kolkata, cripples normal lifeSources at CMCH said as many as 30 patients will be given the opportunity. Parents of these children will be able to accompany them to the puja pandals. The journey would start from CMCH campus at around 10 am on the day of Sasthi. They would be taken to various Puja pandals including Md Ali Park, College Square, Santoshmitra Square. Along with the senior officials of the hospital, Rogi Kalyan Samity Chairman of CMCH, Dr Nirmal Majhi, is expected to take part in the event. Also Read – Speeding Jaguar crashes into Mercedes car in Kolkata, 2 pedestrians killedMeanwhile, it may be mentioned that a children park would also be inaugurated in the morning of Sasthi by Dr Maji. The children’s park has been constructed outside the Hematology department of the hospital with all the basis amenities so that children coming to the department with various blood related ailments can spend some quality time with his/her family members.The main purpose behind the idea is to ensure that children who come to the department with rare blood diseases can enjoy. This will reduce the stress of patients and help them overcome monotonous lives. Children can take a stroll in and around the park, spend some quality time with their parents.last_img read more

first_imgMen should focus on the fit, keep it simple and avoid wearing shirts or T-shirts with big logos, says an expert.* This is the most important thing to keep in mind. A good fitting is the first thing that anyone notices in whatever you are wearing. Understand your body structure and go for the perfect fit. Never go for extreme fit, as it can ruin the overall look and style.* Everyone wants a wardrobe that looks good on them, but never overdo it. Do not wear too much jewellery or more than three colours. If you want to look classy and trendy at the same time, a simple white shirt, a dark pair of jeans, a casual belt with a nice pair of sneakers or loafers will do. Also Read – ‘Playing Jojo was emotionally exhausting’* Your top and bottom halves need to match. If you are wearing a rugged knit tee, your bottom needs to be rugged, too. Never wear chunky tees with casual pants. Wristbands create a cool style statements if paired with T-shirts, casual shirts and denims.* Classy shoes is one thing that people notice, especially how clean and sharp they look. Stand out in the crowd and show that you are a man of taste by getting a great pair of Brouges.* Avoid wearing shirts or T-shirts with big logos, as you will end up looking like a walking billboard. Instead go for a classic V-neck tee or something artsy. * Beware of buying something just because it is “in” right now. A lot of people rush to get in on the latest trend and end up with a bunch of clothes they do not ever wear. It is better to learn to build a versatile and timeless wardrobe first and then bring in your own twists.last_img read more

first_imgNostalgia at 1911 Brasserie, a proud purveyor of classic western cuisine in the Capital since 2011, celebrates the fourth annual edition of the great global event, “Goût de France/Good France” On Wednesday, March 21 and is chosen for the largest dinner in the world featuring 3000 restaurants across 5 continents.Known for its old-world dining experience, Nostalgia is all set to bring in a superlative French menu featuring authentic recipes across aperitif and canapés, entrée, main course and dessert with French wines and champagnes on offer, making it an affair to remember. More than 70 restaurants have been selected across India by the committee of international chefs headed by Chef Alain Ducasse, placing India among the top participating countries. Nostalgia at 1911 Brasserie is one of the chosen ones to promote this glorious French dinner. Also Read – Add new books to your shelfThis extraordinary evening at The Imperial on March 21 will have delectable and signature French dishes, in the backdrop of a venue that takes you back in time and helps you romance your food like no other. The menu includes Bar du Chili, crabe au babeurre, calmar inka pâtes à l’échalote et au gingembre Beurre blanc-Chilean sea bass, buttermilk crab, squid inka pasta with shallot and ginger Beurre blanc; Côtelettes d’agneau braisées, céleri-rave et purée de pois verts et croustillant au parmesan- braised lamb chops, celeriac and green pea puree and parmesan crisp and more to devour. Also Read – Over 2 hours screen time daily will make your kids impulsiveChef Prem K Pogakula, Executive Chef, The Imperial said, “French food is based on local sourcing of very simple ingredients paired with good-old wine and hand-picked variety of cheese. The cuisine has already been influenced in terms of standardizing menus and presentation so the day is not far when Indians will be more familiar with French specialities and classic ingredients. The French culinary events like Good France is a great initiative to promote French gastronomy in India and it’s an honour for The Imperial to be part of an international gourmet at a global level. We, at Nostalgia, use exclusive French cheese, cream, butter, seafood and meats to keep the local flavours intact and these local ingredients only help in achieving a perfect dish which the French guests relish.”last_img read more

first_imgKolkata: Actor-director Aparna Sen, who is sharing screen space with thespian Soumitra Chatterjee in ‘Basu Paribaar’ after a gap of 19 years, has said she always yearns to work with the legend who was paired with her in her debut film ‘Teen Kanya’ in 1961.The two veterans were last seen together in Sens’s directorial venture ‘Paromitar Ek Din’ in 2000.”I always look forward to working with Soumitra Chatterjee who is such a great actor someone having such a vast experience,” Sen said recently at the trailer launch of ‘Basu Paribaar’ here. Also Read – Bose & Gandhi: More similar than apart, says Sugata BoseRecalling her shooting experiences for the film, Sen said, “We used to spend time in adda sessions in between shots at the Mahisadal Rajbari (in East Midnapore) and that was really refreshing.””Many years have passed since our first film together and we have come a long way,” Sen, who stepped into the filmdom with Satyajit Ray’s ‘Teen Kanya’ at the age of 16, told reporters here.’Basu Paribaar’, adapted from James Joyce’s ‘The Dead’, has been helmed by director Suman Ghosh. Also Read – Rs 13,000 crore investment to provide 2 lakh jobs: Mamata”I loved the way he (Ghosh) adapted James Joyce story for the film. I agreed to do the film immediately after reading the script. I am usually very choosy about my roles,” the Padma Shri awardee said.In ‘Basu Paribaar’, Sen essays the character of Manjari, the wife of retired lawyer Pranabendu (Soumitra Chatterjee).Asked about her collaboration with Ghosh, she said, it was “heartening” to note that some of her suggestions were readily accepted by the director.”He is open to suggestions, something that I appreciate. But as an actor, my job is to follow what the director has visualised for the film. I just did that,” she added.last_img read more

first_imgIn 1997, The National Aeronautics and Space Administration was on the receiving end of a lawsuit filed by three Yemenis who claimed the Red Planet was theirs and NASA was exploring it without authorization or proper consent from its rightful landowners. “Sojourner and Pathfinder, which are owned by the United States government, landed on Mars and began exploring it without informing us or seeking our approval,” the wronged men declared for the Arabic-language weekly newspaper Al-Thawri, several days after they had filed an official complaint to the country’s prosecutor general in Sana’a, Yemen.Pathfinder and Sojourner at JPL in October 1996, being ‘folded’ into its launch position.“We inherited the planet from our ancestors 3,000 years ago,” the men declared. And as absurd as it may sound, they allegedly had “evidence” to support their claim.Adam Ismail, Mustafa Khalil, and Abdullah al-Umari made the headlines that summer after their formal petition, asking NASA to suspend all operations on “their planet” was reported by CNN on July 24, 1997.Mars in natural colour in 2007. Photo by ESA CC BY-SA 3.0“It’s a ridiculous claim,” Brian Welch, at that time NASA director of Media Services, told CNN. “Mars is a planet out in the solar system that is the property of all humanity, not two or three guys in Yemen.”Welch added that in accordance to the 1967 United Nations International Space Treaty, no man nor country can claim ownership over land in outer space.The Pathfinder air bags are tested in June 1995.NASA began their space exploration program in the late 1950s, and after a few successful and extremely costly landings on the Moon, they set their sights towards the next plausible destination. Following NASA’s first successful Mars flyby with Mariner 4 in 1964, the race to be the first nation to land a probe on the planet’s surface was on. Both the U.S. and the U.S.S.R. began to develop probes that could scout Mars’ atmosphere.In 1971, the first ever spacecraft touched down on the planet’s scorching-hot surface. This was the Soviet Mars 3, which stopped transmitting 20 seconds after landing.Four years later, NASA hit the jackpot with the Viking Mission. The 1,400 images transmitted by the two landers are archived in the NSSDC image catalog. Perhaps Ismail, Kahlil, and al-Umari were too young to get worked up about these earlier transgressions, not to mention the several failed lander missions.Mars Pathfinder panorama of landing site taken by IMP.It was July 4, 1997, when the unmanned spacecraft Mars Pathfinder, the base station later renamed as the Carl Sagan Memorial Station, landed on the planet. It released the free-ranging robotic Sojourner rover to roam the planet and start a thorough analysis of the rocks soil in the area.In the space of just a few weeks both the lander and the rover combined sent millions of pieces of information back to Earth — including thousands of pictures, as well as data about Mars’ atmosphere, such as wind speeds, and air and soil temperatures.1990s illustration of Mars atmospheric entry.The data collected turned out to be of great significance, and the world was glad to hear NASA’s conclusion that Mars was at one time a wetter world and presumably a much friendlier place to possibly sustain life as we know it.These three men from Yemen, it turns out, were not so happy about it, nor keen to let a “trespasser” roam around and reveal valuable information to the public about their private estate.Sojourner rover on Mars.In short, their claim was built around the mythologies of two ancient and long-lost civilizations, the Himyarites and the Sabaeans, that existed several millennia before the age of Christ and the Roman Civilization.According to these beliefs, the two ethnic groups raised a temple to each of the seven planets visible with the naked eye. Did the claimants interpret this as meaning that their ancestors were celestial beings? Who knows. CNN joked that “There was no word on whether they had paid the appropriate inheritance taxes.”NASA Apollo moon landings conspiraciesIsmail, Kahlil, and al-Umari were of the opinion that they are direct descendants of the rightful owners of the Red Planet. Most importantly the three insisted their lineage was enough to claim ownership and file a complaint arguing that Mars is actually their home.As a result, they asked the court to instruct the perpetrator to withhold all information obtained and stop with all operations immediately.Image of landing site in 1997.According to them, NASA ought to be held liable if any data already gathered from Mars was released without their formal consent.Needless to say, their petition was rejected. The chief prosecutor — the only official to see the supporting evidence — even threatened the trio with jail.Close-up of Mars sky at sunset, by Mars Pathfinder (1997).While the lawsuit was laughed off by NASA, the three men continued writing another chapter in their odd story.Sojourner rover taking an Alpha Proton X-ray Spectrometer measurement of Yogi. Pathfinder mission – Mars exploration – NASA.By showing their petition, and supposedly their formal evidence to back it up, they attempted to convince investors to purchase land on Mars for the best price. Two bucks per square meter.Read another story from us: Astro-Tortoise: The First Animal to Orbit the MoonAll in all, this perhaps was the silliest but it wasn’t the only time when “sane” men claimed to own something in outer space. It wasn’t the first time that someone tried to sell it either. It was also not the last time that NASA got sued for something foolish.last_img read more

first_img Advertisement Aaron Rodgers doesn’t catch much heat from the football media. The conventional media narrative is that Rodgers has been carrying a weak Green Bay roster on his back.In a league where the media is quick to evicerate quarterbacks, Rodgers get press coverage like Pope Francis on his U.S. tour. Tony Romo gets ruthlessly picked apart, even though he has 25 comeback wins in his career compared to Rodgers’ 10.Today, Colin argued the idea that Rodgers is leading a talent deficient roster doesn’t hold up. Pro Football Focus rated the Packers roster as the second best in the league.There’s no question Rodgers is a sure fire, first ballot Hall of Famer. But, for some reason, the media is terrified to point out Rodgers may have some some flaws. “People are so reluctant to say ‘He holds the ball too long. He’s not the greatest leader. He can be moody and cocky. He’s had wide receivers and tight ends criticize him publicly. Even Peter King, who I love. Everybody is so reluctant to criticize him.”The reality is, the Packers have one of the best GM’s in Ted Thompson. A talented roster. They’ve drafted well. They play in a weak division. But, other than the 2010 Super Bowl run, the Packers have lost in either the Wild Card or Divisional rounds of the playoffs in 4 of 5 years.Aaron Rodgers is great, but the idea that any criticism of him is off limits is insane.last_img read more

first_imgColin doesn’t like hypotheticals, but when it comes to speculating about the future of Tom Brady in New England, he can’t help himself. Brady has put up another MVP-type season, but played poorly against the Texans in the Divisional Round.In his last two postseason games, Brady is completing 47.9% of his passes, has more touchdowns than interceptions (3 TD, 4 INT), and a passer rating of 61.3. At some point, the 39-year old Brady and the Patriots are going to part ways, the question is, when?Colin thinks that if Brady plays poorly and the Patriots lose this weekend, conversations will start taking place between Bill Belichick and owner Robert Kraft about Brady’s future, and if it’s time to make the organizational shift to Jimmy Garoppolo as the future of the Patriots franchise.“If Pittsburgh wins this game and Brady’s average, you’re darn right Kraft and Belichick are having that ‘let’s have lunch and talk.’ You’re darn right they are, and I don’t blame them one bit.” Advertisement Colin cited Belichick’s long history of moving on from players a year early, rather than a year late, as a reason the move could happen. He doesn’t see why his handling of the Brady situation will be any different.With Belichick, there are no sacred cows, only pieces of his master formula based on getting valuable assets for players before they fall off the cliff. This includes Tom Brady.“Bill Belichick has never given us one moment that makes you think he deeply cares about his players. They’re retail, baby. He gets rid of guys a year early, not a year late. If you think he’s gonna get held hostage by a situation, it’s not gonna happen.”Colin pointed out that there isn’t a quarterback in football that’s more ready-made to assume the mantle from Brady than Garoppolo.  And while Brady may have some good years left, at 39, he doesn’t have many. Despite putting up MVP numbers this season, Brady won’t play forever. Decision time is coming sooner than one might think.“The end comes very quickly in pro sports.”Belichick never waits until the end in sight, he trades players when it’s just around the corner.Does a loss to the Steelers speed up Tom Brady’s exit from the Patriots?— Herd w/Colin Cowherd (@TheHerd) January 17, 2017last_img read more

first_imgAnother video posted by White shows McGregor opening up a can Malignaggi. McGregor connects with several head shots and looks pretty impressive here: Conor McGregor’s ex-sparring partner Paulie Malignaggi has been on a PR tour to trash the UFC champ since leaving his training camp after McGregor posted pictures to social media showing Malignaggi flat on his back in one of their sessions.Malignaggi claimed he was pushed down and was regularly whooping McGregor in their sessions. He’s been begging for the release of unedited sparring session videos to tell the whole story.Well, UFC President Dana White finally obliged and posted a video of the knock down, along with another sparring video to his Instagram account, and they don’t back up Malignaggi’s claims.Here’s the much discussed knockdown. It doesn’t look like a pushdown:last_img read more

first_imgGuests:Michael Vick – Fox NFL Analyst is in-studio to discuss the injury hazards for mobile quarterbacks, and why he wouldn’t change his style despite the injury risk.Peter King – Founder and Editor-in-Chief of the MMQB is in-studio to discuss the impact of Carson Wentz’s season ending injury on the NFC race; how Sean McVay has transformed the Rams; and if Big Ben has been overlooked in the discussion of top NFL QB’s.Tony Gonzalez – FS1 Analyst and former All-Pro tight end is in-studio to talk the chaos at the end of Jags/Seahawks; the time he got pelted with batteries in the Black Hole; and why he thinks the Eagles can still make a playoff run without Carson WentzRob Ryan – Fox NFl analyst and former NFL defensive coordinator discusses the impact of the loss of Ryan Shazier on the Pittsburgh defense; and how he had success against Big Ben. Carson Wentz will need to learn to run less to realize his NFL potentialToday, Philly fans were devastated today when it was confirmed that MVP candidate Carson Wentz will miss the rest of the season with a torn ACL suffered on a scramble against the Rams.Wentz has dazzled fans with his Houdini-like escapability and knack for moving the chains with his legs in crucial spots, but Colin believes that Wentz will have to discipline himself to win almost exclusively from the pocket to fulfill his full NFL potential and endure over time. Big Ben has never gotten the credit he deservesBig Ben clinched another AFC North title with a ridiculous 500-yard passing performance against the Ravens, but even though he’s won multiple Super Bowls and put up massive stats over an absurdly long period of time, he’s been overshadowed at every point his career by other quarterbacks who with more national appeal.Early in his career, Roethlisberger was overshadowed by Peyton Manning and Tom Brady, and now he’s taken a back seat to a new crop of young QB’s that have grabbed the spotlight.Sure, he’s never hosted SNL, and doesn’t have massive endorsement deals, but his on-field body of work is as good as anyone not named Tom Brady, and deserves to be acknowledged.last_img read more

first_imgThat time when your flight out from #GDC almost crashes and you have to emergency land in a remote airport but at least Keanu Reeves is having as bad a day as you are.— Amir Blum (Unboxed) (@CheesyJedi) March 24, 2019 Stories about Keanu Reeves being a generally good dude, despite being a Hollywood mega-star for three decades, are nothing new. From second hand accounts of random kindness to strangers, to a video of the John Wick star giving up his seat on the NYC subway to a female passenger, Reeves is the opposite of the self-centered movie star stereotype. Advertisement Instead of leaving everyone hanging and getting himself home, Keanu decided to look out for the team and booked a van to L.A. for himself and other stranded passengers. What ensued was a good old fashioned road trip and a bunch of random people riding with Reeves as he read aloud some facts about Bakersfield and hung out like a regular guy.One of the passengers filmed the roadie filmed and posted some of the best parts to Twitter, including a pit stop for burgers. This is actually kind of like a more chill version of Speed in a lot of ways, and easily better than Speed 2.keanu got stranded somewhere in california and had to take a bus instead of a plane and some guy filmed the entire experience and i am BEGGING yall to watch this— ᴄ ᴀ ᴛ (@keanusgf) March 24, 2019 Johnny Utah was at it again this past week after his flight from San Francisco to Burbank was diverted to Bakersfield after a scary emergency landing. The Bill and Ted star again found himself in a most not excellent situation along with other passengers who were stranded in Bakersfield and unsure of how or when they could get to L.A.last_img read more